La Brea Tar Pits, one of world’s largest Ice Age fossils sites, with extinct Pleistocene animals (11,000 – 50, 000 years old), including the California saber-toothed cat, is located right in downtown Los Angeles.
Thousands of years ago, in the Los Angeles area, the lush forests and grasslands were inhabited by Dire wolf, and saber-toothed cats, Columbian mammoths, American mastodons, ground sloths, jaguars, camels, bison, pronghorn, eagles, condors, vultures.
Liquid asphalt seeped to the surface from underground, and was covered by leaves and dirt. In the warm summer, when the asphalt was especially sticky, animals got stuck in the goo. Bigger predatory mammals, trying to scavenge, were also trapped in the sticky stuff too. The animal bones were fossilized in layers upon layers, crunched on top of each other.
In the early 1900’s, a geologist saw evidence of fossils stuck in the tar (asphalt really) at Rancho La Brea, and realized these were prehistoric animals.
The first excavations started in 1905 and continue to this day. In the Page Museum Fossil Lab, kids can watch paleontologists at work on millions of pieces, uncovering more of this treasure trove of Ice Age fossils.
Outdoors, the tar pits are still blurping and bubbling away, asphalt and gas bubbling on the surface, and active excavation sites.
Inside in the Museum is wealth of extinct prehistoric animals, life-size animatronic Columbian mammoth, saber-toothed cat and ground sloth, hands on-exhibits, and Encounters Theater.
Here’s some of our favorite animals in the Page Museum:
California saber-toothed cats –
It’s those big curvy teeth that make Smilodon fatalis so fascinating. And there’s plenty of saber-tooth cat fossils – in their eagerness to capture their prey, seems they ended up in the same death trap.
Columbian mammoths –
Columbian mammoths were about as tall as an African elephant, and those long curvy tusks were useful to uncovering food (grasses) and fighting off predators. In 2006, a nearly complete mammoth “Zed” was found, and pieces of his skeleton are visible in this display and in the Fossil Lab.
Dire wolf – More than 3,000 Dire wolf fossils have been excavated at Rancho La Brea. Dire wolf, Canis dirus (which means “fearsome dog”), hunted in packs, had a big head, strong jaws, and very powerful bite to subdue their prey.
Yesterday’s camels –
Did you know that camels originated in North America about 45 million years ago (and then migrated to Asia and Africa)? The camels found at Rancho La Brea, Camelops hesternus, are extinct, but were similar in build to a Bactrian camel.
Allow plenty of time to explore the Page Museum. Outside in Hancock Park, along with the bubbling asphalt, there’s a giant ground sloth and short nosed bear for kids to climb on, picnic tables, and plenty of grass to run around.
Tip: Close by, a great place to have lunch close by is The Original Farmers Market at 3rd and Fairfax.
And find more fun things to do with kids in Los Angeles on Travel for Kids.